Fantasmagorie is an 1908 French animated film by Émile Cohl. It is one of the earliest examples of traditional (hand-drawn) animation, and considered by film historians to be the first animated cartoon.
Cohl worked on "Fantasmagorie" from February to May or June 1908. The film was released on August 17, 1908.
The film was created by drawing each frame on paper and then shooting each frame onto negative film, which gave the picture a blackboard look. It was made up of 700 drawings, each of which was double-exposed (animated "on twos"), leading to a running time of almost two minutes.
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