In writing we are learning how to write information reports. We will use volcanoes for our first focus.
What is an information report?
An information report is a factual text. It is used as a way to gain a better understanding about a living or non-living subject. An information report:
• uses facts to explain something
• gives details about a topic
• does not contain personal views
• is usually written, but can also be presented orally (spoken).
Structure of an information report
1. Title, or heading, of the report.
2. Introductory paragraph explains the aspects of the topic that will be covered in the report.
3. The body paragraphs. The topic of the report is covered in more detail. These paragraphs use factual information to give the reader a better understanding of the topic. Often, these paragraphs are broken up by sub-headings to help organise the information.
4. The conclusion of an information report gives any final details or facts about the topic. It may also be used to review what the report was about.
Visual elements are important because they help the reader to understand the topic better. Visual elements can include drawings, photographs, graphs, maps or diagrams.
A glossary is often put at the end of an information report. A glossary is a list of technical words used in the report and their definitions.
The bibliography is a list of resources like books, magazines and websites, which were used to help write the information report.